Autism, also known as autism, is a pervasive developmental disorder caused by a neurological disorder. It has been more than 70 years since the Americans discovered and named autism, and more than 60 years since the Japanese researched autism, but so far there are only hypotheses about the causes of autism, and nothing has been finalized yet.
It is precisely because the cause of autism cannot be determined that autism is generally incurable, and the symptoms associated with autism may remain with us for the rest of our lives. Even though some cases have recovered well through scientific intervention, residual manifestations of autism can still be seen in the patients.
It is totally misleading for some hospitals and organizations to require autistic patients to be treated by drugs or instruments for profit-making purposes. No drug or device has been proven to cure autism so far and parents should not be biased. Parents can learn and utilize intervention techniques that are certified as effective by evidence-based medicine (see Methods of Evidence-Based Medicine Intervention for details) to intervene scientifically.
A. Scientific Intervention to Enhance the Learning Ability of Autistic Children
Due to the existence of certain dysfunctions in autistic children, it will affect their attention as well as their learning ability. If there is no early and reasonable intervention, it will hinder the opportunity of learning and the development of learning ability of autistic children in later life, thus indirectly affecting the overall development of autistic children. For example, the relative lack of motivation and interest in interpersonal interactions, as well as the lack of ability in interpersonal interactions, can be improved to a certain extent through early education and guidance, so that the child will not be deprived of social learning opportunities in later life because of these impairments. The significance of early intervention is to try as much as possible not to let his congenital characteristics of autism hinder his social learning in later life, or at least not to affect his social learning.
Scientific intervention to improve the quality of life of autistic children
Hearing that autism cannot be completely cured may make many parents of autistic children very devastated, but there is no need to despair. Although, from the perspective of biological abnormalities, autism is a lifelong disease. However, from the perspective of social adaptation, certain original autistic dysfunctions, speech disorders, interest disorders, concentration disorders, perceptual disorders, etc., can eventually be restored to the requirements of social life after being rehabilitated through reasonable training. In other words, scientific intervention can let children gain the ability to recognize the world and feel the world, let them feel the love of the people around them, and let them gain a higher quality of existence.
Third, scientific intervention to improve problematic behaviors and emotional problems of autistic children
Due to the limited cognitive and comprehension abilities of autistic children, they often have abnormal emotional behaviors, and in severe cases, they may have self-injury or attack others, endangering the family or society.
Scientific intervention can improve children’s cognitive understanding and expression ability, so that children can learn to have correct cognition and understanding of the events around them and learn to express their emotions, thus reducing their problematic behaviors and emotional problems.
In conclusion, autistic children have strong plasticity, and scientific rehabilitation training can gradually improve their social adaptability, self-care ability, ability to interact with others, and even independence in the future.
So what will be the consequences if autistic children are not intervened?
I. Increased impairment and overall deterioration of abilities
Most autistic children, in addition to the core disorder of social interaction, may also be accompanied by other abilities such as cognition and imitation. They are unable to develop language, social and behavioral skills in the same natural environment as ordinary children, and if they are left to develop freely, the degree of impairment will only get worse.
II. Gradual social invisibility occurs.
Only a few children with high-functioning autism can attend regular elementary school without intervention; children with other levels of autism are virtually impossible. They can only go to special schools or stay at home. Special schools are state welfare organizations, usually under the regional disability association, and in large cities there is usually one in each district, where the attribute of “care” is much higher than the attribute of “learning”. Children with autism who are not intervened in the early stage have poorer abilities and sense of rules when they grow up, and many of them can’t go out on their own at all, not to mention normal schooling.
C. Inability to live independently and increase family burden
Autistic children who grow up without intervention may not be able to have interpersonal communication, thus making it difficult for them to integrate into the society. Even, if the degree is serious, they may face the problem of needing lifelong care from their family members, not to mention completing normal studies and normal interpersonal interactions. When family members can no longer take care of them, they may need to spend their lives in special institutions. They require a different level of care in one or more aspects of self-care and are severely disabled. These children will be a heavy financial and psychological burden on their families and society, and we should do our best to avoid them.